- Julian V. Roberts & Wei Pei, Structuring Judicial Discretion in China: Exploring the 2014 Sentencing Guidelines
- Liat Levanon, The Law of Police Entrapment: Critical Evaluation and Policy Analysis
- Laura Burens, Universal Jurisdiction Meets Complementarity: An Approach towards a Desirable Future Codification of Horizontal Complementarity between the Member States of the International Criminal Court
- Tomas F.B. Hamilton, Outside, Inside, and Courtside: Taking Stock of the ICC
Saturday, March 12, 2016
- Asmara Klein, Camille Laporte, & Marie Saiget, Introduction
- Simon Tordjman & Guillaume Devin, Les bonnes pratiques. Vecteurs et révélateurs du changement au sein des organisations internationales
- Samuel Beroud & Thomas Hajduk, L’OCDE et les bonnes pratiques. Une histoire inséparable
- Raphaëlle Parizet, Le PNUD et la fabrique des indicateurs de développement
- Dominique Kerouedan, Les bonnes pratiques de la Global Health. Améliorer la santé ou bien gérer l’argent ?
- Marie Saiget, UNIFEM/ONU Femmes et les bonnes pratiques de la participation
- Benoît Martin, Les quantifications dans l’expertise des organisations internationales. Le cas de l’UNODC
- Clara Egger, Résistance et exclusion face aux bonnes pratiques de la réforme humanitaire onusienne
- Aurore Gary & Bernard Gauthier, La Banque mondiale. Lutte contre la corruption et programmes d’appui budgétaire
- Soraya Sidani, Les bonnes pratiques de la gouvernance. Résistance et déviance
- Camille Laporte, Les émergents face aux bonnes pratiques des organisations internationales
- Asmara Klein, Camille Laporte, & Marie Saiget, Conclusion
Friday, March 11, 2016
- Thijs Etty, Heyvaert Veerle, Cinnamon Carlarne, Dan Farber, Bruce Huber & Jolene Lin, The Emergence of New Rights and New Modes of Adjudication in Transnational Environmental Law
- Symposium: Global Animal Law
- Anne Peters, Global Animal Law: What It Is and Why We Need It
- Anne Peters, Liberté, Égalité, Animalité: Human–Animal Comparisons in Law
- Katie Sykes, Globalization and the Animal Turn: How International Trade Law Contributes to Global Norms of Animal Protection
- Thomas G. Kelch, Towards Universal Principles for Global Animal Advocacy
- Susana Borràs, New Transitions from Human Rights to the Environment to the Rights of Nature
- Belén Olmos Giupponi, Transnational Environmental Law and Grass-Root Initiatives: The Case of the Latin American Water Tribunal
- Gitanjali Nain Gill, Environmental Justice in India: The National Green Tribunal and Expert Members
- Amitai Etzioni, Defining Down Sovereignty: The Rights and Responsibilities of Nations
- Roundtable: Morgenthau in America
- Cornelia Navari, Introduction: Morgenthau in America
- Felix Rösch, Crisis, Values, and the Purpose of Science: Hans Morgenthau in Europe
- Hartmut Behr, Scientific Man vs. Power Politics: A Pamphlet and Its Author between Two Academic Cultures
- Christoph Frei, Politics Among Nations: Revisiting a Classic
- Cornelia Navari, Hans Morgenthau and the National Interest
- Richard Ned Lebow, Hans Morgenthau and The Purpose of American Politics
- Douglas B. Klusmeyer, Death of the Statesman as Tragic Hero: Hans Morgenthau on the Vietnam War
- Patti Tamara Lenard, Democracies and the Power to Revoke Citizenship
- Robert Sparrow, Robots and Respect: Assessing the Case Against Autonomous Weapon Systems
- Helen Frowe, On the Redundancy of Jus ad Vim: A Response to Daniel Brunstetter and Megan Braun
- Daniel Brunstetter, Jus ad Vim: A Rejoinder to Helen Frowe
- Shotaro Hamamoto, Le Règlement de la CNUDCI sur la transparence dans l’arbitrage entre investisseurs et États fondé sur des traités et la Convention de Maurice sur la transparence – commentaire article par article -
- Jean Sylvestre Bergé, Le fait de circulation internationale : la méthode du juriste en question
- Nicolas Nord & Gustavo Cerqueira, La codification de la résolution du conflit de lois en Chine et son interprétation par la Cour suprême : entre progrès et incertitudes
- Articoli e Saggi
- Enrico Milano, La Bosnia-Erzegovina a venti anni da Dayton: un sintetico bilancio
- Osservatorio Europeo
- Alfredo Rizzo, Note sul diritto dell’Unione Europea in materia di controlli alle frontiere, asilo, riconoscimento di status e protezione sussidiaria
- Osservatorio Diritti Umani
- Sabrina Vannuccini, Significant issues of juvenile justice in the Americas with a special focus on the use of the penalty of life in prison against adolescent offenders
- Note e Commenti
- Piero Pennetta, Brevi note su alcune nuove espressioni del regionalismo africano
- February 29, 2016: Mikael Rask Madsen (Univ. of Copenhagen), A Global History of Regional Human Rights: The Evolution of the Inter-American, European and African Systems in Comparative Perspective
- March 16, 2016: Yuval Shany (Hebrew University of Jerusalem), Sources and the Enforcement of International Law: What International Law Enforcement Bodies do in fact?
- April 7, 2016: Jan Kleinheisterkamp (London School of Economics), From Contract to Status? The Myth of Transnational Public Policy
- April 27 2016: Ignacio de la Rasilla del Moral (Brunel Univ.), The Shifting Origins of International Law
- May 11, 2016: Ratna Kapur (Jindal Global Law School), Title TBC
- May 30, 2016: Georg Nolte (Humboldt Univ. Berlin), The International Rule of Law - Rise or Decline?
- Jiri Malenovsky, Comment tirer parti de l'avis 2/13 de la Cour de l'Union européenne sur l'adhésion à la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme
- Henri Plagnol & Jean-François Dobelle, De certaines difficultés soulevées par l'application et l'interprétation de l'article 53 de la Constitution du 4 octobre 1958 ... et de certains remèdes susceptibles de les surmonter
- Linos-Alexandre Sicilianos, Le Conseil de sécurité, la responsabilité des Etats et la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme : vers une approche intégrée ?
Thursday, March 10, 2016
- Davor Vidas, Jan Zalasiewicz, & Mark Williams, What Is the Anthropocene—and Why Is It Relevant for International Law?
- Louis J. Kotzé, The Anthropocene’s Global Environmental Constitutional Moment
- Peter Bridgewater, Rakhyun E. Kim, & Klaus Bosselmann, Ecological Integrity: A Relevant Concept for International Environmental Law in the Anthropocene?
- Markus Vordermayer, ‘Gardening the Great Transformation’: The Anthropocene Concept’s Impact on International Environmental Law Doctrine
- Dire Tladi, The Common Heritage of Mankind and the Proposed Treaty on Biodiversity in Areas beyond National Jurisdiction: The Choice between Pragmatism and Sustainability
- Guillaume Futhazar, The Diffusion of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity and Its Aichi Biodiversity Targets within the Biodiversity Cluster: An Illustration of Current Trends in the Global Governance of Biodiversity and Ecosystems
- Research Articles
- Wendy Hunter & Robert Brill, “Documents, Please” - Advances in Social Protection and Birth Certification in the Developing World
- Tomila V. Lankina, Alexander Libman & Anastassia Obydenkova, Appropriation and Subversion - Precommunist Literacy, Communist Party Saturation, and Postcommunist Democratic Outcomes
- Ceren Belge, Civilian Victimization and the Politics of Information in the Kurdish Conflict in Turkey
- David E. Cunningham, Preventing Civil War - How the Potential for International Intervention can Deter Conflict Onset
- Allan Dafoe & Devin Caughey, Honor and War - Southern US Presidents and the Effects of Concern for Reputation
- Paul von Mühlendahl, Tiny Land Features in Recent Maritime Delimitation Case Law
- Juan He, International Trade Disputes Related to Fishery Products: Time to Engage A Chinese Perspective?
- Joanna Mossop, Protests against Oil Exploration at Sea: Lessons from the Arctic Sunrise Arbitration
- Gunnar Sander, International Legal Obligations for Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Environmental Assessment in the Arctic Ocean
- Lan Ngoc Nguyen, The Chagos Marine Protected Area Arbitration: Has the Scope of LOSC Compulsory Jurisdiction Been Clarified?
- Special Issue: Self-determination, Resources and Borders
- James Summers, Self-determination, Resources and Borders: Introduction to the Special Issue
- Simone F. van den Driest, From Kosovo to Crimea and Beyond: On Territorial Integrity, Unilateral Secession and Legal Neutrality in International Law
- Alexander Orakhelashvili, Kosovo: The Post-advisory Opinion Stage
- Arman Sarvarian, Uti Possidetis Iuris in the Twenty-First Century: Consensual or Customary?
- Duncan French, “You Will Always Have the Poor”: A Reflection on the Paradox of Justice as Law
- Joshua Castellino & Elvira Domínguez Redondo, The Title to Dokdo/Takeshima: Addressing the Legacy of World War ii Territorial Settlements/Finding the Right Settlement of Dispute Mechanism
- David M. Ong, A Bridge Too Far? Assessing the Prospects for International Environmental Law to Resolve the South China Sea Disputes
Wednesday, March 9, 2016
- Part I Thematic Part: International Humanitarian Law, International Criminal Law and Human Rights Law
- Elisabeth Kardos Kaponyi, The Development of the International Human Rights Law with Specific Regard to the European Human Rights System
- Christina Binder & Thomas Schobesberger, The European Court of Human Rights and Social Rights – Emerging Trends in Jurisprudence?
- Lucrezia Palandri, The Comparative Approach of the European Court of Human Rights – Shared Criticism with the United States Supreme Court
- Gábor Kecskés, Individual Complaints within the Field of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights – Pro and Contra Arguments
- Anikó Szalai, Article 27 of the ICCPR in Practice, with Special Regard to the Protection of the Roma Minority
- Aniko Raisz & Eszter Lilla Seres, When Environmental Protection Meets Human Rights – In the Wake of the Prestige
- Ágnes Bujdos, The UN Watercourses Convention, with Special Regard to the Environmental Provisions
- Snežana Trifunovska, ICTY and Provisional Release: The Case of Vojislav Šešelj
- Réka Varga, Biszku-Case Reloaded: International Law Obligations and Lacuna in Compliance with Respect to Communist Crimes
- Zsuzsanna Csapó, World War I and the Appearance of Aerial Warfare: A Lacuna in the Texture of International Law?
- Károly Végh, A Five-Step Legal Assessment in the Joint Targeting Process – An Overview
- László Keszely, Experiences in the Application of NCRS Compatible National Crisis Response Measures’ System in Connection with the Ukrainian Crisis
- Part II Forum: The XY Case
- Mart Susi, The Baka Case – The Unbearable Price of Individual Justice
- Gábor Kártyás, The Labour Lawyer’s Reading of the Baka Case
- Part III Developments in International Law
- William R. Slomanson, Crimean Secession in International Law
- Csaba Varga, Koskenniemi and the International Legal Argument as Founded in the Law’s Ontology
- Francesco Seatzu & Paolo Vargiu, Rethinking the Dualism of Regionalism vs. Universalism in the Light of the Sub-Saharan Experience with the Regulation of Foreign Investments
- Ielyzaveta Lvova, How Global Constitutionalism Is Related to Domestic Constitutional Conflicts?
- Veronika Szeghalmi, The Definition of the Right to Privacy in the United States of America and Europe
- Martha Bradley & Annelize Nienaber, The Use of Drones for Cross-Border Law Enforcement and Military Purposes in Another State’s Sovereign Airspace: A Legal Analysis
Business entities play important and underappreciated roles in the production of international treaties. At the same time, international treaty law is hobbled by state-centric presumptions that render its response to business ad hoc and unprincipled.
This Article makes three principal contributions. First, it draws from case studies to demonstrate the significance of business participation in treaty production. The descriptive account invites a shift from attention to traditional lobbying at the domestic level and private standard-setting at the transnational level to the ways business entities have become autonomous international actors, using a panoply of means to transform their preferred policies into law. Second, the Article analyzes the significance of these descriptive facts, identifying an important set of questions raised by business roles in treaty production. Specifically, business participation could affect the success or failure of treaties along a number of different axes that this Article identifies: participation, process, substance, and compliance. Third, observing that scholars and lawmakers could seize an opportunity to design a theoretically principled legal response to business roles in treaty production, the Article identifies both potential legal structures and reasons why law in this arena could be beneficial. Among other reasons, law could facilitate treaty effectiveness along the dimensions this Article identifies; enhance treaty legitimacy by ensuring that decisionmakers are accountable to the relevant stakeholders; and foster rule of law values such as certainty and procedural stability, which could aid public and private participants alike.
Ultimately, the facts the Article describes present a choice: International law can respond in real time to business roles in treaty production, or it can let those roles evolve as they will, with uncertain and possibly enduring results.
CALL FOR PAPERS
The International Law of Military Operations:
Mapping the Field
21–23 June 2016, Exeter, United Kingdom
Military deployments in the territory of other States are subject to a diverse range of rules under international law. In recent years, it has become increasingly common to refer to these rules as ‘operations law’ or the ‘international law of military operations’.
Despite the growing popularity of the term, its meaning and utility remain uncertain. The rules of international law governing military operations are complex and multifaceted. Is the concept of operations law merely a convenient label to describe the many legal regimes relevant to overseas deployments? Or does its growing use imply that military operations are governed by common principles forming part of a coherent legal framework?
The purpose of the conference is to develop our understanding of the international law of military operations from a comparative and practical perspective. The event will map the field by exploring the meaning and scope of the concept of operations law. It will also explore questions of current interest, such as the legal aspects of information operations, military deployments short of armed conflict, and the impact of human rights law. The conference will offer a unique opportunity for legal advisors and others working in the field to debate current legal challenges and to share national experiences and doctrine. To facilitate this exchange, the conference will set aside time to review training needs and best practices.
Confirmed speakers include Major-General Blaise Cathcart (Judge Advocate General of the Canadian Armed Forces), Professor Terry Gill (University of Amsterdam), Steven Hill (NATO Office of Legal Affairs), Professor Jann Kleffner (Swedish Defence University) and Professor Michael N. Schmitt (US Naval War College).
Call for Papers
It is with great pleasure that the International Society for Military Law and the Law of War and Exeter Law School invite subject matter experts to submit their proposals for presenting a paper at the conference. Proposals addressing the following topics are particularly welcome:
Submission and Selection of Papers
- the concept, meaning and scope of the international law of military operations;
- the place of the international law of military operations within the system of public international law as a potential lex specialis regime;
- the relevance and impact of particular branches of public international law—such as the law of the sea, air law, the law of international responsibility, international human rights law, the law of State jurisdiction and immunity—on the conduct of overseas military operations and vice versa;
- the legal framework of information and influence operations, both during and outside of armed conflict;
- current legal developments and legal challenges facing the conduct of overseas military operations, such as the emergence of hybrid threats;
- training needs in the area of the international law of military operations and how best to address them.
Please submit proposals for papers by 8 April 2016 to email@example.com. Proposals should contain the name and contact details of the applicant, the title of the paper to be presented and an abstract not exceeding 600 words. Applicants should also attach a brief CV. All papers to be presented should be original work and not have been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. Proposals and papers must be in English. Applicants will be informed of the outcome of their submissions by the end of April 2016.
Publication of Papers
It is expected that the conference proceedings will lead to the publication of an edited volume with an academic publisher and/or a special issue of a leading law journal. Acceptance of papers for presentation at the conference does not automatically imply their selection for publication. Papers selected for publication will be subject to a separate process of peer review.
The conference will take place at the Streatham Campus of the University of Exeter. All conference participants, including speakers, are responsible for making their own travel arrangements. Accommodation will be arranged for speakers on campus. Further information and travel directions are available here.
Foreign visitors to the UK may have to apply for a visa at the appropriate Embassy or Consulate of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Speakers are responsible for the timely application for their visa.
Partial funding is available to cover the travel expenses of speakers. However, where possible, the conference organizers kindly invite speakers to cover their own travel expenses.
Please direct any queries concerning the submission of proposals for papers to firstname.lastname@example.org.
- D. Rezai Shaghaji, L'exercice de la compétence universelle absolue à l'encontre des crimes graves de droit international afin de protéger les intérêts généraux de la communauté internationale dans son ensemble
- F. Seatzu & E. Pintus, L'organisation internationale de la francophonie comme sujet du droit international public
- F.M. Sawadogo, Le droit des entreprises en difficulté dans l'AUPC révisé de l'OHADA : approche analytique
Tuesday, March 8, 2016
- T. Brooks, The EU Migration Crisis: What Next?
- S. Langlaude Doné, Religious Organisations, Internal Autonomy and Other Religious Rights before the European Court of Human Rights and the OSCE
- R.L. Glas, The Functioning of the Pilot-Judgment Procedure of the European Court of Human Rights in Practice
- S. Galani, Somali Piracy and the Human Rights of Seafarers
- Volume 376
- Antônio Augusto Cançado Trindade, The Contribution of Latin American Legal Doctrine to the Progressive Development of International Law
- Christine Gray, The Limits of Force
- María Susana Najurieta, L’adoption internationale des mineurs et les droits de l’enfant
- Alain Zysset, Searching for the Legitimacy of the European Court of Human Rights: The Neglected Role of ‘Democratic Society’
- Matthias Goldmann, A matter of perspective: Global governance and the distinction between public and private authority (and not law)
- Oran Doyle, Constitutional cases, foreign law and theoretical authority
- Seyla Benhabib, The new sovereigntism and transnational law: Legal utopianism, democratic scepticism and statist realism
Behn, Langford, & Berge: Development or Democracy? Explaining Outcomes in Investment Treaty Arbitration
Critics of the international investment treaty regime have claimed that the system of adjudication is biased against developing states. Other scholars, such as Susan Franck, have countered by arguing that any difference in treatment is better explained by the lack of democratic governance in developing states as measured by the Polity IV indicator. This paper probes and tests this new democratic governance hypothesis. First, it replicates Franck’s bivariate/trivariate model with a much larger sample size of cases (n=318 rather than 144) and alternative measures of development. Second, it sets out a disaggregated set of democracy and development hypotheses together with relevant control factors. Third, it runs multivariate models with indicators that correspond to these different hypotheses. The results are otherwise than Franck’s. Development status is a consistently powerful explanation of arbitration outcomes even when controlled for a range of democratic governance variables. The only exception to this pattern is a rule of law indicator. However, we conclude that caution is needed in interpreting these results for both theoretical and empirical reasons.
- Ciprian N. Radavoi & Yongmin Bian, Home Countries and Transnational Bribery: China’s Changing Approach
- Qiang Ren, Reforming International Investment Law in a Transitional China: The Post-FPS of the 18th Party Central Committee
- Current Developments
- Fan Yang, Evolving Strategy: South-South Coalition in the GATT/WTO
- Zewei Yang, Building the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road: Its Impact on the Peaceful Use of the South China Sea
- Qianwen Zhang, Are the PRC BITs Applicable to China’s Special Administrative Regions? In Consideration of the Sanum v. Laos case
- Yeonju Jo & Luisa F. Reyes, HKND and the Canal de Nicaragua
- Eric Yong Joong Lee, ‘Chinese Dream’ in Paris: Legal and Policy Commitments in the New Climate Change Regime
Monday, March 7, 2016
- Delphine Nougayrède Yukos, Investment Round-Tripping, and the Evolving Public/ Private Paradigms
- Morten M. Fogt, The Interaction and Distinction Between the Sales and Arbitration Regimes – The CISG and Agreements or Binding Practice to Arbitrate
- Jeffrey Waincymer Pathologies, Presumptions and Proof Adjudicating The Effectiveness of Arbitration Agreements
- Roberto Castro de Figueiredo, The Investment Requirement of the ICSID Convention and the Role of Investment Treaties
- Mark R. Joelson, A Critique of the 2014 International Bar Association Guidelines on Conflicts of Interest in International Arbitration
- Gary P. Corn, Should the Best Offense Ever Be a Good Defense? The Public Authority to Use Force in Military Operations: Recalibrating the Use of Force Rules in the Standing Rules of Engagement
- Olga Frishman, Should Courts Fear Transnational Engagement?
- Nicolas Lamp, The Club Approach to Multilateral Trade Lawmaking
- Tatiana Sainati, Divided We Fall: How the International Criminal Court Can Promote Compliance with International Law by Working with Regional Courts
- Alexandre Debs & Jessica Chen Weiss, Circumstances, Domestic Audiences, and Reputational Incentives in International Crisis Bargaining
- Chungshik Moon & Mark Souva, Audience Costs, Information, and Credible Commitment Problems
- Shakun D. Mago, Anya C. Samak, & Roman M. Sheremeta, Facing Your Opponents: Social Identification and Information Feedback in Contests
- Charles A. Holt, Andrew Kydd, Laura Razzolini, & Roman Sheremeta, The Paradox of Misaligned Profiling: Theory and Experimental Evidence
- Helge Holtermann, Relative Capacity and the Spread of Rebellion: Insights from Nepal
- Thomas Jensen, National Responses to Transnational Terrorism: Intelligence and Counterterrorism Provision
- Emanuel Deutschmann, Between Collaboration and Disobedience: The Behavior of the Guantánamo Detainees and its Consequences
The international legal system accommodates a range of legal regimes that regulate a number of substantive areas of human behaviour, often accompanied by increasingly detailed institutional and normative frameworks. Within these regimes, international law develops under a range of influences, frequently interacting not only with other areas of international law but also regional or domestic law. This article questions the way in which we examine this process, seeking to clarify the morass of influences that affect it. In rejecting implicitly empirical methods, it stresses the use of causal language as a powerful analytical tool to clarify, in legal terms, what is otherwise a confusing array of competing and interlocking influences. In particular, using the WTO as an example, it posits the development of international law through three interrelated causes: instrumental, systemic and constitutive, that together furnish a holistic explanation of how the law develops in a specific area.
- Paul Kirby & Laura J. Shepherd, Reintroducing women, peace and security
- Soumita Basu, Gender as national interest at the UN Security Council
- Fionnuala Ní Aoláin, The ‘war on terror’ and extremism: assessing the relevance of the Women, Peace and Security agenda
- Roberta Guerrina & Katharine A. M. Wright, Gendering normative power Europe: lessons of the Women, Peace and Security agenda
- Jamie J. Hagen, Queering women, peace and security
- Marjaana Jauhola, Decolonizing branded peacebuilding: abjected women talk back to the Finnish Women, Peace and Security agenda
- Sam Cook, The ‘woman-in-conflict’ at the UN Security Council: a subject of practice
- Paul Kirby & Laura J. Shepherd, The futures past of the Women, Peace and Security agenda
- Christopher Hill, Powers of a kind: the anomalous position of France and the United Kingdom in world politics
- Ramesh Thakur, The Responsibility to Protect at 15
- Michael Dunne, Kennedy's Alliance for Progress: countering revolution in Latin America Part II: the historiographical record
- Special Issue: Human rights, Sexual Orientation, and Gender Identity
- Michael O'Flaherty, The Yogyakarta Principles at Ten
- Dianne Otto, Queering Gender [Identity] in International Law
- Rikki Holtmaat & Paul Post, Enhancing LGBTI Rights by Changing the Interpretation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women?
- Kirsten Sandberg, The Rights of LGBTI Children under the Convention on the Rights of the Child
- Anniken Sørlie, Legal Gender Meets Reality: A Socio-Legal Children's Perspective
- Alex Sharpe, Sexual Intimacy, Gender Variance, and Criminal Law
Sunday, March 6, 2016
Farah & Temolada: Conflict between Intellectual Property Rights and Human Rights: A Case Study on Intangible Cultural Heritage
The ability to protect and safeguard cultural heritage is of vital importance to some communities. Without the ability to maintain control over these expressions, external subjects could freely appropriate them, which could negatively affect the community’s identity, spirituality, and general well-being. Increasing awareness regarding cultural heritage provides momentum to better define a legal framework for the protection of the intangible goods that constitute cultural heritage. It is fundamental to ascertain whether the current intellectual property rights (IPR) regime represents an adequate model of protection vis-à-vis intangible cultural heritage (ICH). The culture’s unique concerns, which variably affect ICH, make it difficult to compare the rationales for these two legal domains. These concerns are pivotal in elaborating the need for legal protection. Not only does misuse and misappropriation of ICH cause economic damage, but it also violates the community’s human rights and identity.
Accordingly, a range of issues must be taken into consideration, starting with the desirability of the commodification, or “reification,” which would allow communities to control the commercialization of their ICH through the current IPR regime. To adequately address concerns about commodification, a legal framework must be developed that can guarantee adequate advantages for the countries and communities where the intangible goods originate. This legal framework must, in due time, boost the efforts of these communities to promote a self-sustainable model of economic development and lead them through the inevitable social policy changes that would accompany new ICH protections.
Therefore, our study aims to clarify theoretical and practical legislative tools available to help the actors concerned ascertain how to exploit, trade, and market their own resources and heritage within the global market. Bearing in mind that there are numerous potential legal remedies or amendments to the current legal regime covering the protection of cultural heritage, it is not conceivable to tackle this issue as one uniform hurdle. Each community’s ICH concerns are extremely specific, and, as a result, it may be appropriate to apply ad hoc legal remedies to some, but not all, circumstances involving ICH.
This analysis consists of five Parts. Part I defines fundamental concepts associated with ICH. Part II looks at ICH as a continuous process of social involvement that helps preserve cultural identification. Part III analyzes the current forms of protection available for cultural expression and knowledge. Part IV discusses the shortcomings of adopting a single, all-embracing, umbrella solution and analyzes ways in which the current IPRs can help protect ICH. And finally, Part V proposes ways to modify and improve the current IPRs to protect ICH more efficiently.
- Karen J. Alter, Laurence R. Helfer & Mikael Rask Madsen, How Context Shapes the Authority of International Courts
- James Thuo Gathii, Variation in the Use of Subregional Integration Courts between Business and Human Rights Actors: The Case of the East African Court of Justice
- Claire Moore Dickerson, The OHADA Common Court of Justice and Arbitration: Exogenous Forces Contributing to Its Influence
- Salvatore Caserta & Mikael Rask Madsen, Between Community Law and Common Law: The Rise of the Caribbean Court of Justice at the Intersection of Regional Integration and Post-Colonial Legacies
- R. Daniel Kelemen, The Court of Justice of the European Union in the Twenty-First Century
- Mikael Rask Madsen, The Challenging Authority of the European Court of Human Rights: From Cold War Legal Diplomacy to the Brighton Declaration and Backlash
- Alexandra Huneeus, Constitutional Lawyers and the Inter-American Court’s Varied Authority
- Emilia Justyna Powell, Islamic Law States and the Authority of the International Court of Justice: Territorial Sovereignty and Diplomatic Immunity
- Gregory Shaffer, Manfred Elsig & Sergio Puig, The Extensive (But Fragile) Authority of the WTO Appellate Body
- Leslie Vinjamuri, The International Criminal Court and the Paradox of Authority
- Ron Levi, John Hagan & Sara Dezalay, International Courts in Atypical Political Environments: The Interplay of Prosecutorial Strategy, Evidence, and Court Authority in International Criminal Law